Course: General Methods of Teaching (8601)
Semester: Autumn, 2020
ASSIGNMENT No. 2
Q. 1 Explore the advantages of activity method with the contrast of traditional method.
Education has become one of the fastest growing business in recent years and also online education has also become more popular in the fast-paced growing society.
Online courses allow students to take courses from different countries. Some schools, universities also offer eLearning courses or blended courses in the both in-class and online medium. These traditional brick and mortar institutions also offering more online courses to cope up with the advanced learning process. The emerging of online education is persuading just because of the expansion of technology and desire of people to learn at their own pace.
Although the transition of classroom learning to online learning has created a surefire for both learners and teachers, still there are certain unique attributes which create a thin line between the two options of learning. Despite the enormous popularity of online education, most of the people stay away from such methods. The individuals find the type of method appropriate depending upon their requirements and preferences.
The following guide of differences with their pros and cons between traditional learning vs online learning will definitely help the professionals to make a clear and better understanding.
Let’s do compare the two important options.
What is Traditional Learning?
The advantages of regular education procedure include the regular attendance in classes, the interaction between students and teacher at their own class, maintain discipline by following a schedule on campus, enhance the student’s fitness as well as mental alertness.
The method helps the teachers to know their students personally by which they can able to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of students and can guide for better possibilities. The continuous interaction between the teachers and students help to build a better relationship between them.
The students also share their views directly with the teacher and clarify the queries at the right moment. Books, notes, materials, question and answer pattern are the generalized way of learning which help the students in a better way. The students can easily find the laboratories, workshops, clinics, etc. in the campus to attain practical knowledge of a subject.
The method is best suited for the younger students who are attending the college, who needs more guidance and direct contact with teachers or professors. The traditional learning can be a more comfortable fit for the students who value the campus experience more desirable than online learning.
What is online learning?
Online education involves taking courses on the internet. The flexibility and convenience provide an opportunity for students by allowing them to read at their own pace without following a strict schedule.
The online learning is best suited for regular students. However, the course can be completed at anywhere just with the help of a device with internet connectivity. This form of learning makes ideal and cost-effective for students who can’t attend the regular classes. The students can follow online learning materials, online video lectures, animated videos, online games, graphics and many more to ensure online education. Live interaction is the best way to learn in online learning as this provides a two-way interaction through video conferencing.
Professionals can boost their skills and career opportunities with the help of online education. Online degrees are very helpful for professionals to get promotion in an organization. The learners need not attend the regular classes after the hectic and exhausting schedule of your job life. They can save their valuable time, money and energy easily. The online courses often offer online forums, emails, webinars, chat interaction with instructors for solving the queries. There are certain online search engines such as Google, Bing, etc. that provide the information resources for free which helps in an appropriate manner.
Advantages of eLearning vs traditional learning:
The learners always want a relevant, self-paced, and personalized mode of learning. They want to learn at their own comfort and requirements. Have an analytical look at the eLearning vs traditional learning.
At one point, it is merely of question the quality of education provided by either of the learning methods. The following aspects of online learning vs classroom learning will give you a clear picture. Let’s dive in different aspects.
Flexible learning allows learners to complete their assigned projects at their own pace. A person can able to participate from anywhere with a good internet connection. You can travel frequently for your personal and professional reasons. A learner can eliminate the need for commuting or relocating from one place to another.
You will be able to learn more skills online to cope up with the market through online learning. The online learning provides a convenient way to obtain homework, exams, test scores, and many more within a pace of time. It allows the learning in a distant or disadvantaged location. The e-learning courses take less class time than a traditional course.
The participation of students and instructors in online learning is provided in a more substantive way. The discussion occurs through online chat for solving queries, forums, discussion boards, email, etc. The learners can clear their doubts in the online environment.
The fees for online education are 2 to 3 times lower than the tuition fees at a traditional educational institute. The material fees are minimal for online programs.
An online learner can get the course materials by an instructor in the form of visual aid like PowerPoint Presentation, text format, PDF format, or through video and audio lectures.
Simulations, interactions, and storytelling are used for online courses. The graphics which include icons, symbols, photos, and illustrations are also helpful for better online learning. The animated videos are powerful tools to attract more modern learners.
Assessment of learning is an essential component in the online environment. The assessment includes written Assignments like short essays, research papers, case study responses, etc. A learner can get feedback and build community through the assessment.
A learner can get the traditional multiple choice questions, short or long answer questions delivered through online multiple choice question answer sessions. You can also get the understanding of course material with the face to face proctor tests.
Disadvantages of online learning:
While there are many reasons to start an online education, there are certain cons to this method of learning. You can get little chance to join the extracurricular activities organized by educational institutions.
You won’t be able to socialize on student reunions and recreational centers. Online education is not applicable to medical institutions. Online learning provides you the limited options for a career, and won’t give experiences of college life.
Pros of traditional learning:
Experience of different campus activities:
Traditional learning provides several types of experiences like clubs, sports activities, communal activities, live seminars, live presentation, and eating in canteens, etc.
Develop a vast network:
The physical presence provides interaction between teachers, students. Moreover, you can meet a number of people like old students. You can establish a large network which helps in gaining the personality and knowledge.
Recognition from degree:
You will get the recognition from a college, board, or university for the validity of your education. The certificate will provide you credibility for the time spent to get it. You will get a certificate even if you cleared the subject with a marginal grade.
Get facilities for different activities:
You will get the related equipment and other facilities required for your courses in classroom learning.
The traditional classroom training provides an approach of interaction among the students and teachers by raising the hands, asking questions, discussing a certain topic, giving a presentation, etc.
Degree for certain career opportunities:
If you want to obtain certain higher degrees like Masters and Ph. D, you can only get the degrees after having a bachelor’s degree certificate from a traditional learning center like universities. It is a great way to flourish being exposed to colleagues, mentors, and professors.
Cons of Traditional Learning:
Education at traditional learning centers is usually less cost-effective as the institutions need many expenses for the resources which increase the cost of courses.
Cost of commuting:
The cost of commuting to schools and the accommodations within the school include in the traditional learning system. The traveling cost will be more while doing to and fro from the class.
The rigid schedules in colleges and universities make the students more difficult to the study. The students have to organize their regular classes based on the timetable and need to follow the attendance. The students are mandated to attend the school and they don’t have the chance to express their skills.
Active learning is entirely different from the traditional classroom learning method which is passive and not interactive. Students do not get engaged in the teaching and learning process when the old educational methods are followed. This has made it necessary to look for alternative teaching methods which are active and more engaging. Active learning thus helps in keeping the students engaged and makes the learning process enjoyable. Thanks to the potential of technology that has made it possible to make learning active.
Active Learning Vs. Classroom Learning
In classroom learning a teacher facilitates and the students listen to the teacher and take notes. You just read and write inside the classroom. This does not create a significant impact on the students in the learning process. It is a passive method of learning. In active learning, you read, write and discuss the subject. Thus you get an opportunity to engage in the learning process actively. There are several benefits of active learning compared to that of classroom training. Thus several top universities have started to implement active learning as a part of their teaching methodology.
What Is Active Learning?
Education has seen various changes and technology has played a vital role in the development of the latest teaching methods. Active learning is mentally active learning which keeps the students engaged. It is a flexible type of education where the teacher or lecturer can choose a preferred kind of teaching style based on the need of the student. In this learning, the teacher acts as a facilitator and helps the students in the various activities performed by them.
Active learning sessions involve discussions, presentation, feedbacks sessions, practical study, etc. This makes the students get more interested in the subject. It also makes it easy to understand the difficult concepts easily.
Active Learning And Online Learning
Online learning has incorporated active learning in various course modules. It is challenging to implement active learning strategies for all subjects. Subjects like science, technology, management, etc. can be taught through online learning along with active learning strategies. Though there are several challenges faced in online learning methods yet, popular institutions try to incorporate it as their primary teaching methodology. The primary problem that faculties face is that online learning lacks synchronization as numerous students are taking up the course around the world.
There are various benefits of active learning for both the teachers and the students. Teachers feel that active learning is better than other types of traditional educational methods followed. It is an effective learning strategy as students can understand tough concepts easily. Teachers and instructors involved in active learning learn things that are new during the teaching process. Students get to grasp things quickly when they experience things and feel them. It is a perfect approach where the students get an opportunity to know about the various tools of learning.
Thus it is evident that active learning has a lot to offer for both the students and the faculties. The benefits have made this learning method to be incorporated in world-class universities. Thus active learning is better than traditional educational methods.